This section is under development, but here are a few resources that might be useful for professionals:

Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: A guide of the Turner Syndrome Study Group from Carolyn Bondy’s comprehensive study. (chart provide by Turner Syndrome of Canada)

Turner Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management, American Family Physician, 2007  includes this table:

 

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

 

CLINICAL RECOMMENDATION EVIDENCE RATING REFERENCES

If any Y chromosome material is shown on the karyotype, prophylactic laparoscopic gonadectomy is required.

C

11

Cardiovascular evaluations should be performed at diagnosis to rule out congenital heart defects.

C

11

Ongoing estrogen therapy should be initiated in the preteen years.

B

17

Short stature should be treated with human growth hormone until the patient reaches a bone age of 14 years.

A

15,16

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation should be initiated at 10 years of age.

C

11


A = consistent, good-quality patient-oriented evidence; B = inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence; C = consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, expert opinion, or case series. For information about the SORT evidence rating system, see page 323 or http://www.aafp.org/afpsort.xml.

Overview of Turner Syndrome, Medscape

Turner Syndrome Overview, Mayo Clinic

Radiographic Features of TS, Radiopaedia. org  

Click on x-ray for additional images

Bicuspid Aortic Valve, Radiopaedia.org

Click on image to view resource page

Experts Call for Improved Estrogen Testing Accuracy, endocrineweb, 2015

 

Link to CLINIC list

Link to TOOLS page, including checklists